Reference Library: Social Realism
'Social Realism' is an artistic movement, expressed in the visual and other realist arts, which depicts working class activities as heroic.
Many artists who subscribed to Social Realism were painters with socialist (but not necessarily Marxist) political views. The movement therefore has some commonalities with the Socialist Realism used in the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, but the two are not identical - Social Realism is not an official art, and allows space for subjectivity. In certain contexts, Socialist Realism has been described as a specific branch of Social Realism.
Social Realism has been summarized as follows:
The American painters Ben Shahn, Leon Bibel, the Australian painter Noel Counihan, the Mexican painters José Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, the Brazilian painter Cândido Portinari, the Italian painter Renato Guttuso and the Portuguese painter Júlio Pomar are all examples of Social Realists.
Social Realism in cinema is exemplified by Italian directors Roberto Rossellini, Luchino Visconti, Pier Paolo Pasolini, English Ken Loach and Lukas Moodysson.
Dorothy Hewett, an Australian poet and playwright, and Carl Sandburg, an American poet and novelist can both be considered examples of a Social Realist author.
*[http://www.artcyclopedia.com/history/social-realism.html Artcyclopedia - Social realism]. Chronological list of social realists in the visual arts.
*[http://www.screenonline.org.uk/film/id/1037898/ ScreenOnline - Social realism]. Social realism in film.
*[http://www.huntfor.com/arthistory/C20th/socrealism.htm Huntfor - Social realism vs. socialist realism] Discusses both movements in the visual arts.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Social Realism".